and Wilton carpets are today
just a small percentage of the
production of the town of
Kidderminster, in the
they were the major product of the town.
carpets are a level loop carpet
where the wool not exposed
is carried in a dense backing - colors are
the surface as needed for the pattern,
and up to five colors
can be used in a single row.
By alternating colors, or
'planting the colors' in
the rows, many more accent colors
skillfully introduced into the pattern.
carpets were first woven in
the early 18th century, and by
the late 18th century
Kidderminster was the main center of
production for Brussels.
Wilton carpets have the same
as Brussels but the pile is cut open
producing a velvet-like quality.
equalized the pricing, in the 18th and
the velvet pile of Wilton was roughly double
the cost of Brussels. During the Regency
(in the U.S. the
Federal period) Brussels carpets
were the height of luxury for all but the
homeowners, and Wilton carpets
were an extra luxury that few
By the mid-nineteenth century it became
to make the best showing with
a Wilton carpet in the best
drawing room , and to use the less expensive
Brussels carpet in the lesser rooms of a dwelling.
choice was a personal one, of taste and
economy, and every
visitor would know
instantly the the type of expense laid
in the decorating by the quality of carpet.